However, we can track the direct impact on this using trade flows and the cash quotes curves from AgFlow’s dataset. Within two months, Australia's wine producers were notified they were the subject of an anti-dumping investigation. China has been the biggest market of Australian Barley since the Dragon overtook Saudi Arabia in terms of Australian Barley consumption. The Australian government is taking action against Beijing at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) over huge five-year tariffs imposed by China on Australia’s barley exports amid diplomatic tensions between the two countries, Trade Minister Simon Birmingham said on Wednesday.. China announced Monday it had slapped punitive tariffs of more than 80 per cent on barley imports from Australia. As China’s ban on Australian Barley exports is a recent event, there isn’t too much data to assess this ban’s long-term effects. Exports of Barley, Unmilled in Australia increased to 85 AUD Million in November from 42 AUD Million in October of 2020. Overall, the value of barley exports fell by an average -13.6% for all exporting countries since 2015 when barley shipments were valued at $7.8 billion. Figure 4: Australian Barley Exports to China, Japan, and Thailand Between Jan 2020 and Dec 2020. On 19 May, Beijing slapped five-year duties on barley imported from Australia, including a 73.6 percent anti-dumping tariff and a 6.9 percent anti-subsidy tariff following months of investigation into whether the country has been dumping barley into the Asian nation. 30-40% of the total annual barley crop normally makes the specification for malting2 (around 2 to 2.5 million tonnes) 3. This is a major relief for the Barley producers in Australia and now it is planning to export 5,00,000 tonnes of malt barley to the Indian market. In 2020, China is the largest importing country for Australian Feed Barley and represents a large part of Australian Barley exports. Australia exports double the amount of feed barley as it does malting barley, and Australia accounts for about 20pc of total feed barley exports. Indeed, as a short term solution, China imported from Argentina for the first time in 2020 – more than 60 kmt in November, in particular. Well over half its total exports, around 6 million tonnes in a good year, go to China, the world's biggest beer maker. However, the degradation of shipments volume from July 2020 onwards is significant compared to the same period in 2019, bearing in mind that Australian Barley crops were exceptional in 2020. The Australian Barley export volumes to Japan and Thailand increased mainly in September and November; moreover, while this data is still incomplete -it is still early in December at the time of writing this report – December 2020 already shows it will be an important month for these two destinations as well. With China's tariff on Australian barley - an anti-dumping and anti-subsidy tariff totalling 80.5% - due to run for five years, the disruption to trade routes could be long-running. Nonetheless, during the September-November period, China started banning Australian Barley exports for several reasons; namely, due to the lack of measures against shipments’ contamination; and also in response to Australia backing the investigation of China as the source of the Covid-19 outbreak at the United Nations. China is Australia’s largest market for barley exports. The Australian Barley exports Market is in a key position in Asia due to its advantageous location. Australia exports about 730,000 tonnes of malted barley each year, mainly to countries in Asia for brewing beer. Figure 1: Australia Feed Barley Shipments in mt to China Between Jan 2019 and Nov 2020. The two Australian states- Western Australia and South Australia that are major producers of Barley do not use methyl bromide. However, it seems that it strongly resisted the Chinese ban policies that loomed since February 2020 and took place starting in September of the same year. As the ban continues, for the time being, it will be interesting to see if China’s and Australia’s strategies work and how it impacts Australian Barley exports in the long term. From then on, the apparition of EXW products aligns with a newfound trust in the FOB market. Australian Barley exports needed a new strategy to cope with the Chinese market loss and managed to muster this new confidence in the Barley FOB products cash quote. Australian barley exports in 2018–19 were $1.38 billion, down 31% over the year. It comes as Australian exporters heavily reliant on China have been brought to their knees by deteriorating trade ties. Australian farmers were already reeling from an 80.5 percent tariff introduced in June on barley exports. In response to the lost trade in barley to China, there would be an increase in barley exports to other countries. In 2020, China is the largest importing country for Australian Feed Barley and represents a large part of Australian Barley exports. Australia’s barley exports to China are estimated at $1 billion a year. Harvested grain ha… Of course, that will also depend on Australia’s position at the U.N. Read also: Can Price Variations Predict Trade Flow Volumes? Australia typically accounts for up to 40% of the world’s malting barley trade, used in beer production, and 20% of feed barley. Sydney: Australian barley growers could soon be raising a glass to India’s swelling cohort of beer drinkers, who are being eyed as a potential market for some of the country’s excess stocks of the grain, after its biggest buyer China all but halted imports this year. Demand for high quality barley is strong both in Australia and internationally with Australian barley well recognised for its excellent malt and feed qualities. The introduction of EXW cash quotes products as well as boosting Barley Exports to other leading importing countries, such as Japan and Thailand, allowed Australia to maintain a strong Barley export market. The Australian Barley exports Market is in a key position in Asia due to its advantageous location. We currently export more agricultural products than we import, with around 65 per cent of Australia's total agricultural production sent overseas. The official Australian commodities bureau raised by 2.0m tonnes to 20.50m tonnes its forecast for the country’s wheat exports in 2020-21, on an October-to-September basis. AEGIC hosted a virtual event for the Vietnamese brewing and malting industry to provide an update on the 2020 growing season and communicate the benefits of Australian malting barley. It is also worth noting that another big ticket item has been added to the list of Australian exports that are now out of favor with Chinese buyers, namely coking coal. Assuming no additional measures were taken by industry or the Australian government to stimulate demand for Australian barley in alternative markets, the modelling results indicate that in the medium term around 40% of the barley exports originally destined for China would … Between 2015 and 2018, China imported, on average, 4.6 million tonnes or $1.3 billion of Australian barley accounting for more than 70 per cent of Australia’s barley exports. Australia exports double the amount of feed barley as it does malting barley, and Australia accounts for about 20pc of total feed barley exports. Over the last 10 years, an average of 55% of Australia’s barley has gone to China. Therefore, although the impact of the ban on Australia’s Barley exports shows on shipment volume, it is not the case with cash quotes. However, from May 2020, due to ongoing trade disputes, China implemented an 80.5% tariff on Australian barley. As the Barley crop harvest in Australia occurs in May and June, it is customary to see March as the tail end of the shipments and present the lowest total volume. The coming months will provide more data about cash quotes and trade flows for Australian Barley exports. Western Australian Farmers Federation president Rhys Turton holds barley seeds in his fields near York. Australia's trade surplus narrowed in November as China curbs on coal and farm goods took some steam out of exports, while a rebound in the domestic economy sucked in … Thus, the prices are steadily increasing, starting in August, even though China’s ban on Australian Barley exports is in place at the time. China imposed extra tariffs on Australian barley in May. Australia demands sit-down talks with China and lodges a World Trade Organisation dispute over huge barley tariff. Australia is a dominant player in world barley export markets, representing 30-40 percent of the world’s malting barley trade and 20 percent of the feed barley trade. Exports of Barley, Unmilled in Australia averaged 76.69 AUD Million from 1988 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 362 AUD Million in December of 2018 and a record low of 5 AUD Million in November of 1991. China has fired its first shot in an increasingly bitter diplomatic row, threatening to slap major tariffs on Australia's barley exports, that could rip hundreds of millions of dollars from the trade. It could also be that, with the recent development and approval of several Covid-19 vaccines, the situation between both countries will improve, and China will lift the ban. And this observation also applies to other importing origins. Around 88 per cent of Australia’s barley exports to China come from WA. Goods and services debits (imports) rose $2,774m (10%) to $31,370m. On December 16 2020 Australia requested consultations with China regarding certain measures imposing anti-dumping duties and countervailing duties on barley imported from Australia. It resulted in the loss of a significant partner for Australia in general, and more specifically, for Barley. Credit: Bloomberg The grain, which is used to make beer and animal feed, was one of the first Australian exports hit … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Australia could soon be exporting 500,000 tonnes of malt barley to the Indian market. Figure 3: Australia Barley Cash Quotes per Incoterm Between Jan 2020 and Dec 2020. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. In May, MOFCOM ruled that Australian barley was being both undervalued and subsidized, which was followed by an 80.5 percent tariff being imposed, consisting of 73.6 percent in anti-dumping duties and 6.9 percent in anti-subsidy duties. This data is only a subset of the total number of other importing countries. Hence, Australia compensated the Chinese market Barley exports with some of its other leading importers, thus showing great flexibility concerning its Barley exports pipeline. The Covid-19 outbreaks and the economic crisis that resulted from it may have had an influence on the bear market situation of the Australia Feed Barley FOB Australia Cash quotes market. Australia’s dispute with China over anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties imposed on its barley exports is under way after the World Trade Organization (WTO) confirmed the complaint on Monday.The complaint was officially listed on the WTO website and circulated to all 164 members of the global trade body. The Cash quote prices available from the dataset on AgFlow’s database, displayed in Figure 3, showed that there were quotes for Ex Works (EXW) and Free On Board (FOB) Incoterms in 2020. As such, it is complicated to refocus this volume on other countries. In 2016-17, Australian Barley exports to China went as high as 6 million tonnes. Reading time: 5 minutes. Total Australian exports of barley are expected to increase by 64% year-on-year, to 7 million tonnes in 2020–21. Export of barley from Western Australia is also expected to continue despite dry seasonal conditions. Chart and table showing historical data - Australia Barley Exports by Year (1000 MT) Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), France: US$1.5 billion (22.5% of total barley exports), France: US$1.5 billion (net export surplus down -3.9% since 2015), United Kingdom: $350.9 million (up 35.9%), China: US-$1.6 billion (net export deficit down -45.4% since 2015), Saudi Arabia: -$541.8 million (down -63.1%). It showcases the change in strategy operated to compensate for the loss, and the new policy towards Australia’s Barley exports. Australia has previously used WTO processes “Whilst Australia respects China’s right, as with any nation, to undertake domestic investigations into anti-dumping matters, we do not agree with China’s decision to impose anti-dumping and countervailing duties on Australian barley,” Birmingham said. “Western Australian barley exports to China were valued at $805 million in 2018-19. Nonetheless, the Chinese market represents large volumes, and rebalancing the export destinations is not enough to dump enough volumes to counterbalance the total volume of Australian Barley exports to China. Therefore, it is not a matter of surprise that huge … Field barley International sales from raw barley exports by country totaled US$6.7 billion in 2019. Australian barley exports to China fell by 99 per cent in June. On China’s side, from Figure 2, the overall shipment volumes and origins increased from July 2020 onwards. But as India removed the restriction in February, Australia gained access to the Indian markets.. 1. As well as targeting barley, Beijing has slapped a 212 per cent tariff on Australian wine, banned some wood and beef exports and blocked Aussie seafood and coal. China was Australia’s largest market for barley, with an export value of $915.4 million, followed by Japan ($226.7 million) and Thailand ($90 million). The seasonally adjusted balance on goods and services surplus decreased $1,561m to $5,022m in November. With Vietnam’s malting barley imports set to nearly double by 2030, the Australian Export Grains Innovation Centre is working to ensure Australia maintains a significant market share. Australia normally supplies around 30-40% of the global surplus malting barley trade. All in all, Australian Barley exports proved to be robust. The state of Australian agricultural exports. Australia's barley exports to … This, on the other hand, did not have a similar effect on China, which proved to be flexible with its pipeline and managed to find different origins for its importations. China has slapped punitive tariffs of more than 80 per cent on Australian barley imports for five years as more than 110 countries backed a push for an international coronavirus inquiry. Read also: Do Not Base Your Risk Management On Incomplete Forward Curves, PriceDiscovery TradeFlows RiskMmgt API TrendDiscovery API. Figure 2: China Feed Barley Imports by Country Between Jan 2020 and Dec 2020 (sans Australia). The latest trade frictions between the two countries came after an 18-month investigation by China into Australia's barley … Country Cars; Livestock Connect; ... there is welcome news for the barley industry being able to export to Saudi Arabia through its new import tenders. Nonetheless, China represented the most important Barley export destination throughout the year and is the largest growing Feed Barley importer in the world. "Australian barley should be attractive for export to the big Saudi Arabian market, so pushing out EU and Black Sea exporters," a leading barley trader in Germany told Reuters. Log in. China is currently Australia's largest barley export market but have now been struck with an 80 per cent tariff on the produce for up to five years. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), China is by far Australia's top overall export market. Another point to highlight is shipments for October 2020, which acts as an outlier for the period, but demonstrates the volumes available at the time. With the introduction of a new domestic market Cash Quote product and rebalancing the Barley exports destinations’ shipment volumes, Australia seems to manage the new Chinese policies well. Major shipments from Australia to China are beef, barley, coal, cotton and wine. Australia produces just over 9 million tonnes of barley per annum1, around 70% of which is exported, mainly to Asia. China takes about 70% of all Australian barley exports, according to Australian government data. Figure 4 displays some of the top Australian Barley importers in 2020, with China, Japan, and Thailand shipment volumes per month in metric ton. Thus, Australia had to adapt its strategies in order to find solutions that compensated for this loss – and did so with some success. “The Chinese Ministry of Commerce’s proposal to impose tariffs on Australian barley is a major blow to WA farmers. The latest trade frictions between the two countries came after an 18-month investigation by China into Australia's barley dumping. Year over year, exported barley dropped -12.6% from 2018 to 2019. Australia produces two-row spring barley that is plump and bright with moderate protein content. The seasonally adjusted balance on goods and services surplus decreased $1,561m to $5,022m in November. Barley imports from the United States to China would be effective from this week, according to a notice on the China Customs website. China put an 80.5 per cent tariff on Australian barley … Aussie barley exports In May, China imposed tariffs of 80.5% on Australian barley exports, which were made up of a 73.6% anti-dumping duty and a 6.9% countervailing duty. Key Facts. Barley production and export markets are more important in Australia than in the other barley-exporting countries, and the importance of exports has increased over the past 20 years, particularly in Western Australia. In 2016 the value of Australia's agriculture exports was $44.7 billion – approximately 14 per cent of our total goods and services exports. China has imposed temporary anti-dumping tariffs of 107.1% to 212.1% on wine imported from Australia since late last month. Goods and services debits (imports) rose $2,774m (10%) to $31,370m. The ban on Barley exports from Australia is a major event for this market and undoubtedly impacts the economy surrounding the commodity. The action by the Federal Government came after China imposed tariffs of 80.5 per cent on Australian barley exports earlier this year. In the latest sign of souring relations between the two countries, China's General Administration of Customs has issued a notice in the past two weeks saying it will apply "enhanced inspection" efforts on shipments of Australian wheat. The move came after more than 110 countries, including Australia, backed a … Australia typically accounts for up to 40% of the world's malting barley trade, used in beer production, and 20% of feed barley. This new strategy relies primarily on EXW products, as well as reinforcing other export destinations. Dec 16, 2020 | Market Analytics. It pays A$1.2 billion for 4.2 million tonnes, around 68% of Australia’s barley exports to its top ten markets. CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Australia will ask the World Trade Organization to intervene in its dispute with China over barley and expects other nations to become involved in the case, Australian Trade Minister Simon Birmingham said on Wednesday.China effectively ended imports of Australian barley in May by putting tariffs of more than 80% on the crop, accusing Australia of 2. In May, China applied an 80 per cent tariff on Australia's barley exports which were worth $1.6 billion a year. Most importantly, the Australia Feed Barley FOB Australia market is bear from Jan 2020 through May 2020. and from Argentina, Canada, France, Ukraine, and 11 more origins. In 2015 and 2018, this figure reached 76% and 77% respectively. This is despite the imposition of prohibitive tariffs on Australian barley exported to China and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. As China showed flexibility with its Barley pipeline, it is necessary to look at other Australian Barley export destinations to understand how Australia dealt with this event. Barley is considered one of Australia's top three agriculture exports to China but since 2018 has been at the centre of dumping allegations. Usually China is Australia’s largest export destination for barley. Moreover, China also showed flexibility with its importing pipeline by reinforcing its pool of Feed Barley origins, with Ukraine and Argentina, for example. Australia typically accounts for up to 40% of the world’s malting barley trade, used in beer production, and 20% of feed barley.